Many athletes and muscle building trainer takes sports drinks to satisfy their thirst and refill the lost nutrients. These drinks are rich in sodium, calcium and other minerals called electrolytes. An imbalance of electrolytes may be unsafe. Sports drinks can help prevent or decrease some conditions by increasing electrolytes, but also results in excessive calcium, kidney stones and osteoporosis.
Sweat and loss electrolytes
Sports activities increases temperature and results in sweat. Sweat contains fluid and electrolytes, like calcium, sodium, chloride, phosphate, sulphate, bicarbonate, magnesium and potassium. These electrolytes leave the body through perspiration. Too much sweating may cause dehydration and circulatory collapse. Drinking water hydrates the body but cannot refill the lost electrolytes and carbohydrates.
Dehydration can cause pain in muscles
Muscular pains are sometimes the side effect of dehydration. Consuming diet high in carbohydrates and electrolytes can reduce the amount fatigue experienced during workouts and sports activities.
Calcium, sodium and potassium help muscles to contract. Muscles contain electric tissues that are activated by electrolyte. With electrolyte imbalance, muscle become weak or even experience contractions.
Sports drinks are rich in sodium. While excreting sodium, body also excretes calcium, causing formation of calcium in the urine, potentially increasing chances of stones in kidney. The high level of calcium in urine also leaves little calcium for bones. This lost calcium makes bones weaker and less dense, and increases the risk of osteoporosis.
Excess of Calcium
Consuming high calcium diet and supplements may result in hypercalcemia. Calcium rich diet and supplements may interfere with nerve, brain function and muscle contraction.